Cebu City is the capital city of the province of Cebu in Central Visayas. It is dubbed the "second city" of the Philippines after Manila. Cebu City is a 1st city income class highly urbanized city where its political governance is independent and separate from the province of Cebu.
Cebu is the Philippines' main domestic shipping port, and is home to about 80% of the country's domestic shipping companies.It is the center of a metropolitan area called Metro Cebu.
Due to its geographic location, accessibility by air, land and sea transportation, Cebu City has become the tourist gateway to Central and Southern Philippines. Its port, Port of Cebu, is the country's second largest port after Manila. With Cebu city's proximity to many islands, beaches, hotel and resorts, diving locations and heritage sites, high domestic and foreign tourist arrivals have fueled the city's tourism industry.
In the economic front, Cebu City is one of the country's most important business process outsourcing hub. Mixed-used development zones of the Cebu Business Park and Cebu IT Park are located, which in turn, play host to regional headquarters for various companies in the banking, finance, IT and tourism industries.
Cebu City, nonetheless, is a significant cultural center in the Philippines, thanks to the city's crucial role in Philippine history under Spanish rule. The city's most famous landmark is Magellan's Cross. This cross, now housed in a chapel, is reputed to have been erected by Ferdinand Magellan when he arrived in the Philippines in 1521. The city is also littered with several religious sites, including churches that pay homage to several Roman Catholic deities.